Tokyo (AFP) March 17, 2011
Alarm over Japan's nuclear crisis grew on Thursday as army helicopters water-bombed an overheating power plant and foreign governments urged citizens to leave Tokyo.
Airline tickets were scarce and firms hired private jets to evacuate staff as countries from the United States to Europe and Australia warned their citizens to get out of Tokyo.
The US chartered aircraft to take Americans out of the country, China moved thousands of its citizens to Tokyo for evacuation, and France assigned two government planes to pull its people out.
At the stricken plant itself, Chinook helicopters dumped tonnes of water in a desperate effort to cool reactors crippled by Friday's massive earthquake and tsunami, which pulverised the northeast coast and left countless thousands homeless and enduring bitterly cold conditions.
The official toll of the dead and missing now exceeds 14,650, police said, with the number of confirmed dead at 5,178 in the country's biggest catastrophe since World War II.
As Japanese and international teams mounted a massive search and relief effort, reports from some battered coastal towns suggested the final toll could be far higher.
Millions have been left without water, electricity, fuel or enough food and hundreds of thousands more are homeless, the misery compounded by heavy snowfalls, freezing cold and wet conditions.
The tense nation also saw the stockmarket fall again Thursday, closing down 1.44 percent on fears about the economic impact -- concerns that have also seen global stocks drop.
The massive 9.0 magnitude earthquake shifted Japan more than two metres away from the neighbouring Korean peninsula, scientists said.
The helicopter operation at the Fukushima No. 1 power plant on the Pacific coast, some 250 kilometres (155 miles) northeast of Tokyo, aims to keep the fuel rods inside reactors and containment pools submerged under water.
The latest threat at the plant was the fuel-rod pools, which contain used fuel rods that have been withdrawn from reactors yet remain highly radioactive.
They are immersed in cooling water for many years until they shed enough heat to become manageable for storage.
Water in one of the pools was evaporating because of the rods' heat, and temperatures were slowly rising in two other pools because coolant pumps were knocked out by the March 11 tsunami, experts say.
They warned that if the tanks run dry and leave the fuel rods exposed, the rods could melt or catch fire, creating potentially lethal levels of radiation.
At the same time, Japanese engineers were focused on restoring the power supply to the stricken power plant in an attempt to reactivate its cooling system.
"If the restoration work is completed, we will be able to activate various electric pumps and pour water into reactors and pools for spent nuclear fuel," a spokesman for Plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. told AFP.
US President Barack Obama offered to give Japan any support that it needs, in a telephone call with Prime Minister Naoto Kan, the Japanese leader's spokesman said.
But as crews battled to prevent an atomic disaster, more foreign governments urged their citizens to steer clear of quake-stricken northeast Japan and the capital Tokyo.
"If you're in Tokyo or any of the affected prefectures... we are saying that you should depart," said Australian Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd.
Britain, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands and New Zealand also advised nationals to leave or shun the northeast region.
Indian technology firms were helping employees to leave, with software firm L&T Infotech saying it had chartered a plane to take all 185 of its staff and their families out of Japan.
US officials warned nationals living within 80 kilometres (50 miles) of the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant to evacuate or seek shelter.
The Japanese government has told people living up to 10 kilometres (six miles) beyond a 20-kilometre exclusion zone around the plant to stay indoors. More than 200,000 people have already been evacuated from the zone.
The evacuation plans came against a background of mounting concern over the possibility of a nuclear catastrophe.
"The site is effectively out of control," the European Union's energy chief Guenther Oettinger told a European Parliament committee, a day after he said Japan was facing "apocalypse".
France's Nuclear Safety Authority said the disaster now equated to a six on the seven-point international scale for nuclear accidents, ranking the crisis second in gravity only to the level-seven Chernobyl disaster in 1986.
US Energy Secretary Steven Chu said the events in Japan "actually appear to be more serious" than the 1979 accident at Three Mile Island, a partial reactor meltdown that led to small releases of radioactivity.
"To what extent we don't really know now," Chu said in Washington.
Gregory Jaczko, chair of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, warned there was no water left in the spent fuel pool of the plant's number-four reactor, resulting in "extremely high" radiation levels.
The UN's International Atomic Energy Agency chief Yukiya Amano said the situation was "very serious" as he prepared to fly out to see the damage for himself.
Japan's chief government spokesman Yukio Edano said radiation levels from the plant posed no immediate health threat outside the 20-kilometre exclusion zone despite slightly elevated levels detected in Tokyo over the past few days.
Share This Article With Planet Earth
Space Technology News - Applications and Research
Chinese snap up salt amid Japan nuclear scare
Beijing (AFP) March 17, 2011
Chinese retailers on Thursday reported panic buying of salt, partly because shoppers believe it could help ward off the effects of potential radioactivity from Japan's crippled nuclear power plant. "Salt sold out early this morning," an employee with a branch of French supermarket chain Carrefour in Shanghai told AFP, declining to give her name. She said all the salt was snapped up withi ... read more
Mounting Japan crisis sparks warnings to leave Tokyo|
S.Korea warns against panic-buying of iodide pills
US checks Japan travelers, finds no harmful radiation
Chinese snap up salt amid Japan nuclear scare
InterSKY 4M Provides BLOS Comms For C4I Military Systems
LockMart Wins Role On Navy C4ISR Services Contract
ONR Moves A Modular Space Communications Asset Into Unmanned Aircraft For Marines
Northrop Grumman Next-Gen FBCB2 System Approved For Fielding
Ariane 5 Moves To Final Assembly Building
NASA Unveiling New Rocket Integration Facility At Wallops
Falcon 9 To Launch SES-8 To GTO In 2013
SES gives SpaceX first geostationary satellite launch deal
N. Korea rejects Seoul's plea to stop jamming signals
Rayonier's GIS Strengthens Asset Management Capability
Space Team Improves GPS Capability For Warfighters
SSTL's European GNSS Payload Passes Design Review
Rolls-Royce forecasts helicopter boom
Flights to Japan cut as foreigners scramble to leave
Air China, Taiwan's EVA cut back Japan flights
Budget airlines open up Asia's skies to the masses
Taiwan's UMC to triple stake China chip maker
Silicon Spin Transistors Heat Up And Spins Last Longer
3D Printing Method Advances Electrically Small Antenna Design
NIST Electromechanical Circuit Sets Record Beating Microscopic Drum
Mapping Japan's Changed Landscape From Space
TRMM Satellite Reveals Flooding Rains From Massive East Coast Storm
DLR Releases Satellite Images Of Japanese Disaster Area
NASA Images Tsunami Impact Across Northeastern Japan
EPA proposes 1st mercury emissions limits
Russian police search office of outspoken activist
China cleaning up 'jeans capital'
Environmental Impact Of Animal Waste
|The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2010 - SpaceDaily. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement|