'Smart' metal could replace refrigerants
Cdollege Park, Md. (UPI) Jul 19, 2010
A new "smart" metal could replace the liquid refrigerant in air conditioners, saving consumers money and reducing greenhouse gases, scientists say.
Researchers at the University of Maryland are developing a new "thermally elastic" metal alloy to replace fluids used in conventional refrigeration and air conditioning compressors, a university release said Friday.
The alloy alternately absorbs or creates heat similar to a compressor-based system, but uses far less energy and avoids the need for fluids with high global warming potential, the researchers say.
"Air conditioning represents the largest share of home electric bills in the summer, so this new technology could have significant consumer impact, as well as an important environmental benefit," Eric Wachsman, director of the University of Maryland Energy Research Center, said.
"The approach is expected to increase cooling efficiency 175 percent, reduce U.S. carbon dioxide emissions by 250 million metric tons per year, and replace liquid refrigerants that can cause environmental degradation in their own right," Wachsman adds.
The researchers are in the process of building a first prototype unit, the university release said.
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Space Technology News - Applications and Research
Washington DC (SPX) Jun 03, 2010
Scientists have discovered the secret behind an ancient Chinese super-strong mortar made from sticky rice, the delicious "sweet rice" that is a modern mainstay in Asian dishes. They also concluded that the mortar ? a paste used to bind and fill gaps between bricks, stone blocks and other construction materials ? remains the best available material for restoring ancient buildings. Their art ... read more
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