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From Lemons to Lemonade: Reaction Uses CO2 to Make Carbon-Based Semiconductor
by Marcia Goodrich
Houghton, MI (SPX) May 23, 2012


Transmission electron microscopy image of carbon nitride created by the reaction of carbon dioxide and Li3N.

A materials scientist at Michigan Technological University has discovered a chemical reaction that not only eats up the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, it also creates something useful. And, by the way, it releases energy.

Making carbon-based products from CO2 is nothing new, but carbon dioxide molecules are so stable that those reactions usually take up a lot of energy. If that energy were to come from fossil fuels, over time the chemical reactions would ultimately result in more carbon dioxide entering the atmosphere-defeating the purpose of a process that could otherwise help mitigate climate change.

Professor Yun Hang Hu's research team developed a heat-releasing reaction between carbon dioxide and Li3N that forms two chemicals: amorphous carbon nitride (C3N4), a semiconductor; and lithium cyanamide (Li2CN2), a precursor to fertilizers.

"The reaction converts CO2 to a solid material," said Hu. "That would be good even if it weren't useful, but it is."

And how much energy does it release? Plenty. Hu's team added carbon dioxide to less than a gram of Li3N at 330 degrees Celsius, and the surrounding temperature jumped almost immediately to about 1,000 degrees Celsius, or 1,832 degrees Fahrenheit, about the temperature of lava exiting a volcano.

Hu's work is funded by the National Science Foundation and detailed in the article "Fast and Exothermic Reaction of CO2 and Li3N into C-N-Containing Solid Materials," authored by Hu and graduate student Yan Huo and published in the Journal of Physical Chemistry.

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In metallic glasses, researchers find a few new atomic structures
Madison WI (SPX) May 22, 2012
Drawing on powerful computational tools and a state-of-the-art scanning transmission electron microscope, a team of University of Wisconsin-Madison and Iowa State University materials science and engineering researchers has discovered a new nanometer-scale atomic structure in solid metallic materials known as metallic glasses. Published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the findings ... read more


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